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Getting to know your nose allergies

Getting to know your nose allergies

Allergic rhinitis is a group of symptoms affecting the nose. These symptoms occur when you breathe in something you are allergic to, such as dust, animal dander, or pollen.

Allergic rhinitis is of two types: Seasonal (Allergic symptoms experienced only during a particular time period of the year when allergens such as pollen etc. are high in atmosphere) and Perennial (when allergic symptoms are present through out the year)

Causes of Nasal allergy 

when our body comes into contact with allergen (substance which produces allergic reaction), a chemical called histamine among many other chemicals is produced. this chemical is primarily responsible for producing allergic symptoms.

Genetic predisposition (Hereditary) plays an important part. Chances of children developing allergy are 20 and 47%, respectively, if one or both parents suffer from allergies.

Symptoms of Nasal allergy 

Symptoms that occur shortly after you come into contact with the substance you are allergic to may include:

1. Itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin, or any area; 2. Runny nose and watering eyes; 3.Sneezing

Symptoms that may develop later include:

1.      Stuffy nose (nasal congestion); 2. Clogged ears and decreased sense of smell; 3. Sore throat;4.Dark circles under the eyes; 5.Puffiness under the eyes; 6.Headache  

Diagnosing Allergic rhinitis

Diagnosing allergic rhinitis is usually very straight forward based on the symptoms experienced by the patients. Diagnosing specific allergens to which the patient is allergic to is the first step for successfully treating allergies. While few patients clearly indicate how their symptoms start immediately after exposing themselves to certain environments (dusty) or after consuming certain foods or drinks, few patients have no clue as to what causes these allergic symptoms. In either of the cases, we now have highly specific Allergic Skin prick test to diagnose what the patients are allergic to. Allergic Skin prick test is a painless procedure where skin is pricked with a needle containing a small amount of the allergen that attempts to provoke a small, controlled, allergic response (a very small patch of raised skin) at the site of prick. The blood tests (specific IgE measurements) also available are somewhat less sensitive when performed alone for diagnosing.

Treating Allergic Rhinitis

The most important method of treating allergic rhinitis is identification and complete avoidance of exposure to allergens. When allergen exposure cannot be avoided, Oral antihistamines, Oral and Topical steroid sprays produce good control of most of the symptoms. Immunotherapy is one of the recent treatment advancements available with us providing near total cure of allergic rhinitis.

Dr.G.V.K.Chaitanya Rao


Dr. Rao’s ENT super speciality Hospital