Mosquito facts - Lifespan of a mosquito




Rewinding back to the school days, most of us would have studied the basic lifespan of a mosquito. Here you would find the detailed information about various mosquito facts like- how are mosquitoes born? How long do they live? In what time do they grow from one stage to another? Where do mosquitoes come from? And much more...

With more than 3500 species of mosquitoes in the world, the life span of a mosquito varies from species to species. In case if you are annoyed because of the mosquitoes then here is the deal- Mosquitoes do not have a longer life span.

Though the mosquito lifespan is small, mosquitoes have been around since the dinosaurs’ era!
How long do mosquitoes live will be dependent on the climatic conditions and the species as well. Some of the mosquitoes could live only in a particular climate like summer or winter and would die in the other. Some may hibernate during the winters, for some species, eggs would survive in a season and would hatch in the other. Have you ever wondered where do mosquitoes live, what do mosquitoes eat and where do they come from and facts about them? Read article on - What do raccoons Eat? Raccoon Facts

Lifespan of a Mosquito

A general Mosquito lifespan consists of 4 stages:

Egg stage: This is the first stage of the mosquito life cycle. The life span begins when the mosquito eggs are laid on the stagnant water. These would hatch into mosquito larvae depending on the temperature. It generally takes 1-3 days for developing into the larvae stage. Mosquito eggs in water are vulnerable as these become the food of fishes, birds and other organisms. The eggs which are laid on the land may last for a year or more before hatching. Most of the mosquitoes lay eggs on the water surface.

Larva stage: Mosquito larvae hatch out of the egg and it lives hanging upside down at the water surface and breathes in the oxygen using the respiratory tubes located at their tails. Using the twitching motion, they would move into the water and would survive by feeding on the microorganisms like algae and bacteria. It takes about a week for the growth of larvae and during this time, mosquito larvae would shed its skin 3-4 times. A mosquito larva has the threat of being eaten up by the birds and fishes in the water. A larva after hatching from the egg grows up to 5 mm in length and floats on the water. If the water, in any case, dries away, the larvae or the pupa will die.

Pupa stage: A larva would develop into a pupa. At this stage, they do not feed on anything. With short, curved bodies and larger heads on one end and flippers on the other, these pupa swim around the water all day. A larva would take 3-4 days to grow into a fully developed mosquito. Cocoon formation takes place at this stage and the pupa uses the air pressure to split open the cocoon and emerge out as an adult mosquito.

Adult stage: This is the last stage of the mosquito life cycle. These adult mosquitos would rest for some time on the water surface until their wings the dry out and the body gets hard before taking the flight. Now how does the mosquito die will depend on the various other factors.

Hope you got the answer of how are Mosquito born. Now the question that all of us think about is what is the lifespan of mosquito all about and how does the mosquito die?

Read on - Frog life cycle with scientific name and facts

Interesting Mosquito Facts

How does a mosquito look like?

A fully grown up mosquito has compound eyes and antennae with a proboscis on its head. With 3 pairs of legs and a pair of wings, mosquitoes fly here and there. A mosquito weighs around 125000 of an ounce. For most of the deaths in humans, mosquitoes are accountable more as compared to any other living thing. Not all of the species of mosquitoes bite humans.

The only reason the mosquitoes live for are: either to feed or to breed. After 4-5 days of a fully grown adult, the mosquitoes are ready for the mating. The male reproductive parts are developed in about a single day so they are ready for mating in the first few days of their life cycles. Male mosquitoes hunt on their female partners by recognizing their sounds produced by their wings. After mating, a male mosquito would survive only for 3-5 days but a female mosquito will live for more time, it could be a month or two!

The life span is totally dependent on the environmental conditions as there is a lot of predators for them as well. Mosquitoes are the slow fliers and so they do not travel much larger distances from the places where they hatch. Wind can easily blow away the mosquitoes.

Most of us would ask that do male mosquitoes bite? Well, the answer to this is absolutely no! They feed on the nectar. It’s the female mosquitoes that feed on the blood and get nutrients from it. The female mosquitoes get the nourishment for developing their eggs from the blood. And that’s why the female mosquitoes bite. Read article on - How to get rid of crickets in house? Cricket insect facts

Where do the mosquitoes lay eggs?

Female mosquitoes lay eggs in batches of around 60-100 every time. During the whole life cycle on average, they lay eggs for about 3 -4 times before dying. The eggs are laid on the surface of water or near the water. The eggs will float on the water surface similar to a raft and the most common time for laying eggs is at night. The undisturbed water surface is the perfect breeding grounds for the mosquitoes like the stagnant ponds etc.

Female mosquitoes get their nourishments to develop the eggs form human blood. If the species of the mosquitoes are able to be hibernated during the winter, they would look for a place that is safe when the cold weather turns on and go into hibernation with fertilized eggs inside. These eggs will merge into the spring. If the species is of that kind that will die in winter, they would lay the eggs before dying and the eggs will hatch in the summer.

Most commonly when we think about the lifespan of a mosquito, we always consider the flying stage of it. But that is not true, the time they spend in the water as larvae are also considered. Most of the eggs hatch into larva within a few days. In some species, the larva could exist in the freed water conditions as well. They will go into the hibernation and would turn into an adult in the next spring. Thus, the lifecycle of a mosquito is never fixed. For different species, it is different and is dependent on various factors like environment, temperature, and its predators.

Most scientists and researchers are keeners to study the life cycles of those mosquitoes, which are harmful to humans. Species like anopheles, aegypti, and culex which causes dangerous diseases in human are studied more about. So, we have examined the following life cycles and habits:

The Aedes Mosquito: These mosquitoes breed in the clean water and the mosquito is active during the day hours. The eggs of the mosquitoes are black like a tiny rugby ball. The mosquito spreads the deadly diseases like dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever and encephalitis.

The Anopheles mosquito: These mosquitoes are active more at the night and breeds on the clean water. The Anopheles species are responsible for spreading the disease of malaria. A fully developed mosquito is pale having the dark marks on their wings. A female anopheles can lay 50-150 eggs at a time after having one blood meal.

The Culex mosquito: This species of mosquito is the vector of a deadly disease called Japanese B encephalitis. This is a dangerous breed that breeds in dirty water like sewers, drains, and swamps. Their body is covered with brown scales and the eggs are brown in color which lies vertically to the water surface in a queue of 300 eggs.

Mosquito-life cycle:

What is the lifespan of a mosquito is one question whose answer everyone seeks for. The life span of the various species of mosquito varies but the maximum range for their survival days is 300-400 days. Within 6-10 days, a fully-grown mosquito is developed from egg to larva and larva to pupa and then finally to the adult. Eggs can be laid by the female mosquitoes in batches; the number of eggs laid is different for each species. The eggs are prolific and it may take 24-48 hours to hatch. The mosquito lifespan of male and mosquito lifespan female are different. Also, a major point of study about the lifespan of a mosquito revolves around at what temperature kills mosquitoes and how do they survive in different environmental conditions whether it is summer, winter etc.

Why do mosquitoes bite?

It is not the male mosquitoes that bite the humans and animals; they feed on the flower nectar only. The female mosquitoes feed on humans and animals because they require the proteins and nutrients for egg production. They get all the nourishment from the blood. To puncture the skin and collect the blood they have a sharp mouth known as a proboscis.

Hope you got all mosquito facts and information about what does mosquito larvae look like, lifespan of a mosquito, Does mosquitoes survive in winter, what do they eat, how does the mosquito die and lots more